University of Opole, Faculty of Natural Sciences and Technology, Chair of Biotechnology and Molecular Biology, Opole, PL
ANTLER ANOMALIES OF CERVIDAE FAMILY MEMBERS IN OPOLE VOIVODESHIP
The occurrence of antler anomaly amongst all three, quarry species of Cervidae family is an obligatory condition for hunting the specimen down despite it’s other features and plays an important role in hunting management in Poland. Since now it is stated that it is a reasonable way of acting due to concern for proper (in a hunting-management point of view) gene poole. Yet explanations for antler anomalies occurrence differ, pointing out physical trauma, microelements deficiency, incorrect hormone regulation, etc. Moreover, the heritability of antler size and shape reach about 30%, so the environment and/or population structure are most important. The aim of this study was to analyze the antler anomalies frequency in roe deer (Capreolus capreolus), fallow deer (Dama dama) and red deer (Cervus elaphus) in the Opole voivodeship in accordance with forest cover of hunting zones, one species/ all Cervidae family species density in hunting zones, age ad weight of hunted males with antler anomalies. Achieved results could show most promising directions for further studies of this phenomena concerning anthropogenic environmental pollutants such as heavy metals, radionuclides and pesticides.
Keywords: antler anomalies, Cervidae family, hunting management, red deer, roe deer, fallow deer