O. Namiecińska1, J. Czerwińska1, G. Wielgosiński1, R. Cichowicz2
1)Politechnika Łódzka, Wydział Inżynierii Procesowej i Inżynierii Środowiska, Łódź, PL; 2) Politechnika Łódzka, Wydział Architektury, Inżynierii Lądowej i Środowiska, Łódź, PL
OCENA ODDZIAŁYWANIA NA STAN ZANIECZYSZCZENIA POWIETRZA INSTALACJI ENERGETYCZNEGO SPALANIA PALIWA ALTERNATYWNEGO W PORÓWNANIU DO KONWENCJONALNEJ INSTALACJI CIEPŁOWNICZEJ
According to the Voivodship Waste Management Plans adopted in 2017, practically the total stream of mixed municipal solid waste (approx. 10 million Mg) is directed to more than 150 installations of mechanical-biological processing (MBT). In these installations approximately 3.5 million Mg of alternative fuels (often named as RDF - Refuse Derived Fuel) are produced. Only about 1 million Mg is combusted in cement plants and the rest is currently stored. RDF has a status of waste and must be incinerated in special incinerators. It is planned to build dozens of such installations, but this causes many social protests.
In a lecture the emissions from the alternative fuel incineration plant with a similarly rated 30 MW grate boiler fired by hard coal WR-25 were compared. It has been shown that actual emissions from RDF incineration are considerably lower than during coal combustion, and the impact of the installation is considerably lower than that of conventional heating plants.
Keywords: waste incineration, alternative fuel, air pollution, heating plant